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2013年八年级英语上册 Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation精解与精练 (新版)人教新目标版.doc(70.5KB)
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Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation? 短语: go on vacation stay at home go to the mountains go to the beach visit museums go to summer camp quite a few study for go out most of the time taste good have a good time of course feel like go shopping in the past walk around too many because of one bowl of find out go on take photos something important up and down come up 语法: Where did you go on vacation? I went to New York City. Did you go out with anyone? No, No one was here. Everyone was on vacation. Did you buy anything special? Yes, I bought something for my father. How was the food? Everything tasted really good. Did everyone have a good time? Oh,yes. Everything was excellent. 惯用法: 1. buy sth for ab./ buy sb. sth 为某人买某物 2. taste + adj. 尝起来…… 3. nothing ….but + V.(原形) 除了……之外什么都没有 4. seem + (to be) + adj 看起来 5. arrive in + 大地方 / arrive at + 小地方 到达某地 6. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 7. try doing sth. 尝试做某事 / try to do sth. 尽力做某事 8. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 9. want to do sth. 想去做某事 10. start doing sth. 开始做某事 11. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 12. look + adj 看起来 13. dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 14. Why not do sth. 为什么不做…….呢? 15. so + adj + that + 从句 如此……以至于…… 16. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要) 做某事 17. keep doing sth. 继续做某事 18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 / forget doing sth 忘记做过某事 词语辨析: anywhere 与 somewhere 两者都是不定副词。 anywhere 在任何地方 , 常用于否定句和疑问句中。I can’t find it anywhere. somewhere 在某处,到某处,常用于肯定句。 I lost my key somewhere near here. 2. seem + 形容词 看起来….. You seem happy today. seem + to do sth. 似乎、好像做某事 I seem to have a cold I seems / seemed + 从句 看起来好像…;似乎…. It seems that no one believe you. seem like ….好像,似乎….. It seems like a god idea. 3. decide to do sth.决定做某事 They decide to visit the museum. decide + 疑问词 + 动词不定式 He can not decide when to leave. 4. start doing sth = start to do sth. 开始,可与begin 互换 。He started doing his homework. 1 但以下几种情况不能用begin . 创办,开办: He started a new bllkshop last month. 机器开动: I can’t start my car. 出发,动身: I will start tomorrow morning. 5. over 介词,多于,超过,在…以上(表示数目、程度)= more than My father is over 40 years old. 在…之上,与物体垂直且不接触,与 under 相反。 There is a map over the blackboard. 超过: I hear the news over the radio. 遍及: I want to travel all over the world. 6. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数: Mother bought too many eggs yesterday. too much 太多,修饰不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。 We have too much work to do. Don’t talk too much. much too 太,修饰形容词或副词。 The hat is much too big for me. You’re walking much too fast. 分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头: much 后接不可数, too 后修饰形或副。 too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。 7. because of 介词短语,因为,由于,后接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。 He can’t take a walk because of the rain. because 连词,因为,引导状语从句,表示直接明确的原因或理由。 I don’t buy the shirt because it was too expensive. 对话: Rick: Hi, Helen. Long time no see. Helen: Hi, Rick. Yes, I was on vacation last month. Rick: Oh, did you go anywhere interesting? Helen: Yes, I went to Guizhou with my family. Rick: Wow! Did you see Huangguoshu waterfall? Helen: Yes, I did. It was wonderful! We took quite a few photo there. What about you? Did you do anything special last month? Rcik: Not really. I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax. 用 anyone ,something, anything, everything, nothing, everyone , no one 填空。 1. Linda: Did you do ____________ fun on your bacation, Alice? Alice: Yes, I did. I went to Sanya. Linda: How did you like it? Alice: Well, it was my first time there, so __________ was really interesting. Linda: Did you go with ___________? Alice: Yes, I did. I went with my sister. Linda: Did you go shopping? Alice: Of course! I bought _________ for my parents. But __________ for myself. Linda: Why didn’t you buy __________for yourself. Alice: I didn’t really see___________ I liked. 2. Dear bill, How was your vacation? Did you do _________ interesting? Did ________ in the family go with you? I went to a friend’s farm in the countryside with my family. _________was great. We fed some hens and saw some baby pigs. They were so cute! The only problem was that there was ______ much to do in the evening but read. Still ___________ seemed to be bored. Byefor now! 2 Mark 用所给动词的正确形式填空。 Last August, our class_________(do) something very special on our school trip. We __________(go) to mount Tai. We_________(start) our trip at 12:00 at night. Everyone in our class_________(take) a bag with some food and water. After three hours, someone looked at the map and _________(find) out we __________(be ,not) anywhere near the top. My legs ________(be) so tired that I wanted to stop. My classmates_________(tell) me to keep going, so I _________(go) on. At 5:00 a.m., we got to the top! Everyone _________(jump) up and down in excitement. Twenty minutes later, the sun ________(start) to come up. It was so beautiful that we ________(forget) about the last five hours! 阅读理解: I spent my last vacation trekking ( 徒步旅行) in Nepal,a small country in the Himalaya Mountains of Asia. On a trekking vacation, you walk for long distances through the mountains. There are very few roads in Nepal, so trekking is the best way to travel . It’s best if you have a guide . The guides know the best paths to take and they also help trekkers with their bags. Our guide even cooked our food for us . Every day, we trekked for about four hours before lunch, and about two hours in the afternoon. At the end of the day’s trek, we sat around a campfire and talked about the things we saw. Then we went to sleep in large tents. Every morning, our guide brought breakfast to our tent. It was great. At the end of the trip, I didn’t want to go home! Question: What is the best title for this passage? A. Traveling through Asia B. The people of Nepal C. Exercise and Health D. Waking in the Mountains 阅读短文回答问题: Read Jane’s diary entries about her vacation and answer the question. Did Jane have a good time on Monday? What about on Tuesday? Monday, July15th I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. It was sunny and hot, so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel. My sister and I tried paragliding . I felt like I was a bird. It was so exciting. For lunch, we had something very special—Malaysian yellow noodles. They were delicious! In the afternoon, we rode bicycles to Georgetown.. There are a lot of new buildings now, but many of the old buildings are still there. In Weld Quay, a really old place in Georgetown, we saw the houses of the Chinese traders from 100 years ago. I wonder what life was like here in the past. I really enjoyed walking around the town. Tuesday, July 16th What a difference a day makes! My father and I decided to go to Penang Hill today. We wanted to walk up to the top, but then it stared raining a little so we decided to take the train. We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people. When we got to the top, it was raining really hard. We didn’t have an umbrella so we were wet and cold. It was terrible! And because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything. My father didn’t bring enough money, so we only had one bowl of rice and some fish. The food tasted great because I was so hungry! 3 Unit 1 Exercise 一. 补全对话: Anna: Hi, Jane. Where you go on vacation last week? Jane: I ______ to Penang in _______. Anna: Who _____you go with? Jane: I went with my ______. Anna: What did you do? Jane: The weather was hot and _______ on Monday, so we went _________on the beach. Then in the afternoon, we________ bicycles to Georgetown. Anna: Sounds good! Jane: Well, but the nest day was not good. My________ and I went to Penang Hill, but the weather___________ really bad and rainy. We _________ a long time for the train and we were _________ and cold because we forgot to bring an ___________. Anna: Oh, no! Jane: And that’s not all! We also didn’t bring_________ money, so we only had one bowl of rice and some fish. 二. 汉译英 1. 当学生们在说话时,王老师进来了。(as ) 2. Tom踢足球不错,但是我踢得也一样好。(as ) 3. 我对他不够熟悉。(enough) 4. 他感觉像在游泳一样。(feel like ) 5. 你想和我在公园散步吗?(feel like ) 6. 为什么不试着骑车去上学呢?(try) 7. 我不能决定我该去哪儿. (decide) 8. 为什么不把你儿子带来参加聚会?(bring) 9. 我差点忘了我的钥匙。(forget) 10. 我不喜欢玩电脑游戏。 (dislike) 11. 他是一个留着短发的高个子小孩。 (with) 12. 他跑得非常快,没有人能追上他。(so……that……) 4 13. 她每天早晨早起以便能赶上早班公共汽车。(so…that…) 14. 我告诉他不要在墙上画画。(tell…not to do…) 5
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