A. To avoid repetition and make sentences more conc
Mike said that he would come to school to see me the
next day, but he didn't come to school to see me the next
Mike said that he would come to school to see me the next d
ay, but he didn‘t. （ omit 9 words!!!)
The Purpose Of Using Elliptical
B. To make a sentence more coherent.
John was the winner in 1994 and Bob in 19
John was the winner in 1994 and Bob was th
e winner in 1998.
In some places we stopped in tents for the ni
in other places in caves.
In some places we stopped in tents for the n
in other places we stopped in caves for the
The Purpose Of Using Elliptical
C. To emphasize the main content:
Truth speaks too low, hypocrisy too .
— Have you told him that ?
— Not .
(= I have not told him that yet. )
The Purpose Of Using Elliptical
Here comes the question, where can
we use ellipsis?
1.the ellipsis of article
They elected John (the) monitor of the class.
A man and (a) woman are talking in the offic
He could not understand why there was no n
oise coming from the house, not even the so
und of the radio or (the) television.
2. the ellipsis of pronoun
I went to the market, (I) bought something usef
ul, and (I) returned home within an hour.
They didn't like it, yet (they) said nothing.
(It) Doesn't matter.
(You) Had a good time, didn‘t you？
I like your two small bottles, but I don't like the
3.the ellipsis of conjunction
We are delighted (that) you can come.
I believe (that) you will succeed
It's a pity (that) he's leaving.
4.the ellipsis of relative word
I'll give you all (that) I have.
He read the book (which) I got yesterday.
It happened on the day (when) we first met.
There is a man (who) wants to see you.
5.the ellipsis of auxiliary
(Does) Anyone want a drink?
Who (do) you think you are?
I (have) got to go now.
They requested that everyone（ should） atte
nd the meeting on time． (虚拟语气中）
I hope to finish my job and (to) go back home
What we could do was (to) get away.
We did not dare (to) speak.
There is nothing to do but (to) obey the orders
介词 but前如有 do， but后可省略 to
时，后面的不定式一般不省略 to。 To be or not
to be, that is the question. 活着还是死亡，这就
是问题所在。（莎士比亚） It was better to lau
gh than to cry. 笑比哭好。
7.the ellipsis of preposition
He went (in) that way.
The two boys are (of) the same age.
I am in doubt (about) whether this is right or
You may come to see me (at) any time betwe
en 4 and 5.
She must have stayed here (for) a long time.
In following collocations, “in” is always omitted:
be busy (in) doing sth. 忙于做某事
spend time (in) doing sth. 花时间做某事
waste energy (in) doing sth. 浪费精力做某事
have difficulty (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难
have a good time (in) doing sth. 某事做得非常愉
have a hard time (in) doing sth. 某事做得很艰难
take turns (in) doing sth. 轮流做某事
It is no use (in) doing sth. 做某事没有用
It is no good (in) doing sth. 做某事无益
There is no hurry (in) doing sth. 不必着急做某事
There is no point (in) doing sth. 做某事无意义
There is no use (in) doing sth. 做某事没有用
I. Choose the best
answers.1)----Tomorrow is a holiday. Why are
you doing your homework?
-----I am doing these exercises now so
that I won’t have _____ on Sunday.
A. it B. them C. for D. to
8.the ellipsis of “there”
(There) Ought to be some coffee in the pot.
(There) Must be somebody waiting for you.
1． subject ellipsis
Hope so. 希望如此。（= I hope so.）
Beg your pardon. 请你原谅。（= I beg your pardo
Serves you right. 你活该！（= It serves you right.）
Anything the matter？（= Is anything the m
Who next （= Who comes next）
Just a moment, please. （= Just wait a mom
Are you ready Yes, I am. 你准备好了吗？ 我准
备好了。（ am后面省略了表语 ready）
China has been, and still is, the most populou
s country in the world. 中国过去是，而且现在还
是世界上人口最多的国家。 （= China has been
the most populous country in the world and s
till is the most populous country in the worl
We have to analyze and solve problem
（ analyze后省略了宾语 problems）
I struck match after match, but could
（ light后省略了宾语 a match）
Let's do the dishes. I'll wash and you'll
dry. （wash和 dry后面省略了宾语 dishe
He spent part of the money, and the re
st he saved. （ the rest后面省略了定语
of the money）
(Even) The wisest man cannot know ev
Mary spoke (rudely), and John answere
He was not hurt. (How) Strange!
My brother is a doctor and my sister-in-law
(is) a lawyer.
三 、 ellipsis in compound sentences
四、 ellipsis in complex senten
①以when, while, once, until等连词引导的
When (you are) in Rome do as Rome does.
或者从句主语是 it，常常可以把从句中的主语和 be
Whenever (it is) possible, you should speak E
nglish as much as you can.
②由连词 before和 after引导的时间状语从句，
如省略了主语和 be之后， before和 after就成
The old machine must be checked before it is
The old machine must be checked before use
The old machine must be checked before bei
He told me the truth after he was asked three
He told me the truth after asked three times.
He told me the truth after being asked three t
③以 as if, as though等连词引导的方式状语从句
She lay there, as if (she was) dead. 她躺在那
He opened his lips as if (he were going) to say
④以 if, unless等连词引导的条件状语从句
We shall start at eight, if (it is) convenient.
Correct the mistakes in the following sentence
s, if (there are) any.
English words are easily forgotten unless (the
y are) constantly repeated.
④以 even if, even though, though, altho
Frost is possible, though (it is) not probable, e
ven at the end of May. 甚至在五月底下霜也是可
Whether (it is) difficult or not, we will try our
best to complete the task. 不管任务是否艰巨，
Whatever the cause (may be), the result is ce
Though (he is) young, he knows a lot. 他虽然
This is a little complicated…….
Attention: the situation of using “do” as an alterna
I know you better than he does. 我比他更了解你。
（ he does = he knows you）
So, talk about using alternative word……………..
--- Has she ever been to London?
--- I don't think so. （= I don't think she
has been to London.)
He said he would make the bed for me bu
t he didn't do so.（ do so代替make the b
ed for me）
--- Will it rain tomorrow ?
--- I hope not. （= I hope it wo
n't rain tomorrow.）
Can you come next week ?
--- I'm afraid not. (= I'm afraid t
hat I can not come.)
The mother swept the floor and her child
did the same. （ the same代替 swept the
e the same
Kate ordered two fried eggs. I ordered th
e same. （ the same代替 two fried egg
I haven't got any books; can yo
u lend me one? 我没有书，你能借
The white dresses go with the
hat better than the blue ones.
the same one/ones
2)----Shall I invite Ann to my birthday
party tomorrow evening?
----Yes. It’ll be fine if you______.
A. are B. can C. invite D. do
3)---- Aren’t you the manager?
---- No, and I______
A. don’t want to B. don’t want to be
C. don’t want be D. don’t want
--Are you a taxi-driver?
-- No, but I used to be.
—Are they going to see the car factory next week?
—Yes, they are.(No, they aren't.)
Have you told Allen about the concert?
—Sorry， but I ought to have.
4. ought to：
Ought he to start now?
Yes ,he ought.
The ellipsis in the headline:
1.omit form word：
(for example article, possessive
pronoun, linking verb, auxiliar
SISU Launches Excellent Global La
w Talent Program
2.omit linking verb：
Joint Conference of China’s Russian
Centers Held in SISU.